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Get licensed to start a P2P Lending Platform

P2P lending or Peer-to-Peer Lending is a unique approach to lending where the borrower and the lender are in direct contact of each other without a middlemen being involved. Borrowers can finance small (or large) projects and lenders can earn passive income through this form of Crowd funding. However, establishing the platform entails getting the permission from Reserve Bank of India. That’s where Registrationwala comes in to make the process easy, affordable and streamlined for you.

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P2P Lending License

Step 1
Incorporation of the company
Step 2
Drafting of documents
Step 3
Application filing
Step 4
Submission of application to RBI
Step 5
Analysis of applicant by RBI
Step 6
Grant of P2P Lending license

P2P Lending License in India

A P2P Lending license in India is the Certificate of Registration (CoR) given to NBFCs to start a P2P Landing platform. The CoR is part of the directions issued in NBFC- Peer to Peer Lending Platform Rules, 2017. As per the directions, once the applicant NBFC has obtained the certificate, it starts to be known as an NBFC-P2P Lending platform. 

Registering on a peer-to-peer Lending platform is a modern form of crowdfunding in which lenders and buyers are in direct contact with each other, with no middleman involved. It's a tech-driven money lending and money borrowing platform that brings enthusiastic lenders and needful borrowers in a single place.

Borrowers can get interest rates tailored per their creditworthiness which is analyzed at the time of borrower registration. Lenders can earn interest rates that are reasonable to the borrowers but higher than what the banks provide.  

However, setting up the platform is not an easy ordeal. If you wish to start such a platform, you need approval from the Reserve Bank of India in the form of Peer to Peer registration.

That's where Registrationwala comes in to make the process easy, affordable, and streamlined for you.

Eligibility Criteria to obtain P2P Lending License in India

The following are the pre-conditions that the P2P license RBI seeker must observe before filing the license application:

  • The applicant should be registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956
  • The applicant company should be incorporated as an NBFC.
  • Minimum net owned funds of the applicant should be at least INR 2 Crores
  • The applicant company must have the entrepreneurial, technological, and managerial resources necessary to provide p2p lending services. 
  • The promoters and directors of the company must meet the Fit and Proper criteria
  • The applicant should possess a website to act as a P2P Lending platform in India.
  • The company's management's general character should not discriminate against the public interest. 
  • The applicant company must have implemented a robust information technology system 

Scope of Activities

The following are the guidelines defined under the RBI Act of the NBFC Peer-to-Peer (P2P) lending License defining the scope of activities:

Regulations:

The RBI drafting regulations for P2P Lending license are as follows:

  • A P2P operator must act as an intermediary to provide an online marketplace or platform to the participants involved in Peer-to-Peer lending.
  • A Peer-to-Peer lending license holder must adhere to legal requirements applicable to the participants as prescribed under relevant laws.
  • An NBFC P2P operator must store and process all data relating to its activities and participants on hardware located within India.

Restrictions:

  • An NBFC Peer-to-Peer lending license holder must not raise deposits as defined in the Act.
  • A P2P license RBI holder must not lend credit on its own.
  • A Peer-to-Peer lending license holder must not provide or arrange any credit enhancement or credit guarantee.
  • A P2P license holder must not facilitate or permit any secured lending linked to its platform, i.e., A P2P must only permit clean loans.
  • A P2P license holder must not hold, on its balance sheet, funds received from lenders or borrowers for servicing loans.
  • A Peer-to-Peer lending license holder must not cross-sell any product except for loan specific insurance products.
  • A P2P license holder must not permit the international flow of funds.

Undertakings:

  • An RBI P2P license RBI holder must undertake due diligence on the participants.
  • A Peer-to-Peer lending license holder must undertake credit assessment and risk profiling of the borrowers. It must also disclose the same to its prospective lenders.
  • An NBFC Peer-to-Peer lending license holder must require the prior and explicit consent of the participant to access their credit information.
  • An RBI P2P license holder must undertake documentation of loan agreements and other related documents.
  • An NBFC Peer-to-Peer lending license holder must assist in disbursement and loan amount repayments.
  • An RBI P2P operator must render services to recover loans originated on the platform.
  • An NBFC P2P license holder must not undertake any activity other than those stated above.

Prudential Norms

An NBFC P2P registration must maintain a leverage ratio not exceeding 2.

A lender's aggregate exposure to all borrowers at any point across all P2P platforms must be subject to a cap of fifty lakh rupees. But such lenders' investments on P2P platforms must be consistent with their net worth. So, the lender investing more than ten lakh rupees across P2P platforms must produce a certificate to P2P platforms from a practising Chartered Accountant. The CA then must certify the minimum net worth of ₹50,00,000.

  • The aggregate loans taken by a borrower at any point across all P2Ps must be subject to a cap of ten lakh rupees.
  • Also, the exposure of a single lender to the same borrower across all P2Ps, must not exceed fifty thousand rupees.
  • Altogether, the maturity of the loans must not exceed 36 months.
  • Lastly, a P2P registration must obtain a certificate from the borrower or lender that states they are adhering to the prescribed limits.

Operational Guidelines

  • An NBFC-P2P must have a Board Approved Policy for the following purposes:
    1. Setting out the eligibility criteria for participants on it.
    2. Determining the pricing of services provided by it.
    3. Setting out the rules for matching lenders with borrowers in an equitable and non-discriminatory manner.
  • The outsourcing of any activity by NBFC-P2P must not diminish its obligations. It must also be responsible for the actions of its service providers, including recovery agents. Also, the P2P must be accountable for the confidentiality of information pertaining to the participant.
  • The P2P must not disburse a loan unless the individual lender has approved the recipient of the loan and all concerned participants have signed the loan contract.

Disclosures

An NBFC-P2P must disclose the relevant information to the following:

To lender

The P2P licensee must inform the lender about the borrower(s), including personal identity, required amount, interest rate sought and credit score as gathered by them.

Also, the P2P must detail to the lender all the terms and conditions of the loan, including likely return, fees and taxes.

To borrower

The P2P licensee must inform the borrower about the lender(s), including the proposed amount and interest rate offered but excluding personal identity and contact details.

Disclosure on website

The P2P must disclose the following information on its platform:

  • Overview of credit assessment, score methodology, and other factors considered
  • Disclosures on usage or protection of data
  • Grievance redressal mechanism
  • Portfolio performance, including share of non-performing assets on a monthly basis and segregation by age
  • Broad Business Model

NBFC-P2P must ensure that providing services to a participant, who has applied for such services, is backed by appropriate agreements between the participants and the NBFC-P2P. Also, the agreements must categorically specify all the terms and conditions among the borrower, the lender and the NBFC-P2P. The interest rates displayed on the platform must be in Annualized Percentage Rate (APR) format.

Documents Required to obtain P2P Lending License in India

P2P Lending license requirements

The license applicant of Peer to Peer lending in India must attach the following documents with the P2P license application:

  • Certificate of incorporation
  • Memorandum of Association
  • Articles of Association
  • Audited Balance Sheet of the company
  • Net Worth Certificate of the Company
  • Feasible business plan
  • A declaration that directors adhere to the "Fit and Proper" Criteria
  • Website source code

Process to obtain P2P Lending License in India

The step-by-step procedure for obtaining a P2P license is as follows:

  • Incorporation of the company
  • Drafting of documents
  • Application filing
  • Submission of application to RBI
  • Analysis of applicants by RBI
  • Grant of P2P Lending license

Registrationwala's assistance to help you get P2P Lending License in India

Registrationwala can assist you with the NBFC P2P license registration for your business by providing you with the following services:

  • Documentation
  • Application filing
  • Department follow up

If you're looking for precise services pertaining to a P2P license in India, be sure to reach out to us.

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs About P2P License

Q.1 What is P2P lending in India?

A. A P2P Lending license in India is the Certificate of Registration (CoR) given to NBFCs to start a P2P Landing platform. The CoR is part of the directions issued in NBFC- Peer to Peer Lending Platform Rules, 2017.

Q2. What is a P2P operator?

A. What is the meaning of a P2P operator? An online P2P operator is an NBFC holding a P2P license from the RBI.

Q3. Is P2P lending legal in India?

A. Yes. The RBI issues the P2P lending license.

Q4. When can an NBFC become a P2P platform?

A. As per the directions, once the applicant NBFC has obtained the certificate, it starts to be known as an NBFC-P2P Lending platform. 

Q5. Can a P2P platform be related to a modern crowdfunding platform?

A. Registering on a peer-to-peer Lending platform is a modern form of crowdfunding in which lenders and buyers are in direct contact with each other, with no middleman involved.

Q6. How would you describe a P2P platform in India?

A. P2P lending platform is a tech-driven money lending and money borrowing platform that brings enthusiastic lenders and needful borrowers in a single place.

Q7. How does a P2P lending platform work?

A. Borrowers on a P2P platform can get interest rates tailored per their creditworthiness which is analyzed at the time of borrower registration. Lenders can earn interest rates that are reasonable to the borrowers but higher than what the banks provide.  

Q8. How can we help you set up your P2P lending platform in India?

A. Setting up the platform is not an easy ordeal. If you wish to start such a platform, you need approval from the Reserve Bank of India in the form of P2P Lending registration. That's where Registrationwala comes in to make the process easy, affordable, and streamlined for you.

Q9. What makes you eligible to set up an NBFC peer-to-peer lending platform in India?

A. The following are the pre-conditions that the P2P license seeker must observe before filing the license application:

  • Registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956
  • Incorporated as an NBFC.
  • Minimum net owned funds at least INR 2 Crores
  • Must have the entrepreneurial, technological, and managerial resources to provide p2p lending services. 
  • Promoters/Directors meet the Fit and Proper criteria
  • Website to act as a P2P platform.
  • No discrimination against the public interest. 
  • Implementation of a robust Information Technology System 

Q10. What documents must be attached with the P2P Lending License registration application in India?

A. The license applicant of Peer to Peer lending in India must attach the following documents with the P2P license application:

  • Certificate of incorporation
  • Memorandum of Association
  • Articles of Association
  • Audited Balance Sheet of the company
  • Net Worth Certificate of the Company
  • Feasible business plan
  • A declaration that directors adhere to the "Fit and Proper" Criteria
  • Website source code

Q11. How to obtain a P2P Lending License in India?

A. The step-by-step procedure for obtaining a P2P license is as follows:

  • Incorporation of the company
  • Drafting of documents
  • Application filing
  • Submission of application to RBI
  • Analysis of applicants by RBI
  • Grant of P2P Lending license 

Q12. How can Registrationwala help you in getting a P2P License in India?

A. Registrationwala can assist you with the NBFC P2P license registration for your business by providing you with the following services:

  • Documentation
  • Application filing
  • Department follow up

 

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