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One Person Company to Private Limited Company Conversion Process

Step 1
Calculate your assets
Step 2
Get the assets
Step 3
File conversion application
Step 4
Get approval
Step 5
Conversion complete

Convert One Person Company to Private Limited Company in India

One Person Company is a business entity run by a sole owner with the benefit of limited liability. One Person Company is a separate legal entity from its members, offering protection to its shareholders. Every One Person Company must nominate a member for the Directorial position in the MOA/AOA, in case of absence of the prime Director.

private limited company or famously known as LTD is a privately held company. This implies that the business limits owner liability to its shares and limits number of shareholders to 50. It also restricts shareholders from trading shares publicly.

Advantages of Private Limited Company 

  • The liability of shareholders is limited to their shares. Financial risks are a part of business but to be able to minimize them and sustain the business progress is imperative. In an LTD, if due to any reason the company were to be shut the shareholders would not risk losing their personal assets.
  • Risk of takeovers is minimized when two shareholders trade shares as the selling and buying of shares is possible only when both parties have given their consent.
  • Private limited companies are incorporated; hence it continues to exist even if the owner dies.
  • The capital or options of raising investment in business is not restricted to one person, which is the case in Sole Proprietorship.
  • Private limited companies pay corporate tax on their profits. Dividends that the shareholders receive are not taxed. Taxes are determined as per their personal income tax rate.
  • Private limited companies can attract high-caliber employees that offer great help in the growth of the company.

Eligibility Criteria to One Person Company to Private Limited Company in India

Before you’re allowed to One Person Company to Private Limited Company, you must fit the following criteria

·         There should be at least two directors

·         There should be at least two shareholders

·         The paid-up share capital should be more than INR 50 lakhs.

·         In case the paid-up share capital is not more than INR 50 lakhs, the average annual turnover within 2 months should be more than 2 crores.

Documents Required for converting a One Person Company to a Private Limited Company in India

 Mandatory Conversion: The conversion of One Person Company to Private Limited Company becomes mandatory when

  • The paid capital of a One Person Company exceeds Rs.50 lakhs
  • Increase the average annual turnover during the period of three consecutive financial years is Rs.2 crores.

The following documents are then required for the conversion.

1. E-Form INC 5 – Copy of the Resolution is needed to be filed with Registrar of Companies with the following attachments:

  • Certified true copy of Board Resolution
  • Latest balance sheet with other financial statements
  • Certificate from a Chartered Accountant for calculation of average turnover during the relevant period

2. E-Form INC 6 – Application for the conversion of Private Limited Company to One Person Company with the following necessary attachments:

  • List of all members and creditors
  • Latest balance sheet
  • Letter of ‘No Objection’ from the members and creditors
  • Letter of Consent from the Directors by way of affidavit

Voluntary Conversion: The conversion of One Person Company to Private Limited Company can be voluntarily done when the One Person Company completes two years from the date of incorporation.

The following documents are then required for the conversion.

1. E-Form MGT 14 – Copy of the Special Resolution is needed to be filed with Registrar of Companies with the following attachments:

  • Notice of Extra General Meeting (EGM), which is held to gain the approval of Directors for the conversion of the Private Limited Company to One Person Company.
  • Certified true copy of Special Resolution
  • Altered Memorandum of Association
  • Altered Articles of Association
  • Certified true copy of Board Resolution is optional

2. E-Form INC 6 – Application for the conversion of Private Limited Company to One Person Company with the following necessary attachments:

  • List of all members and creditors
  • Latest balance sheet
  • Letter of ‘No Objection’ from the members and creditors
  • Letter of Consent from the Directors by way of affidavit

Process for converting One Person Company to a Private Limited Company in India

The process to convert a OPC to a private limited company is as follows:

·    Intimate the Registrar of Companies that you now require to convert your One Person Company into a Private Limited Company on voluntary or mandatory basis.

·     Appoint at least one director to head the company alongside you. They can also act as your co-shareholder.

·   Organize a general body meeting and pass the resolution to raise the paid-up capital of your company (in case it’s needed).

·     Pass a board resolution to make changes to the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association.

·     Convene a general body meeting and obtain “No objection” from your company’s creditors

·     Make changes to the Memorandum of Association as well as Articles of Association.

·     File the online e-form via the online MCA portal to start the process of company conversion

Our Assistance to convert your One Person Company to a Private Limited Company in India

We, at Registrationwala, provide end to end solutions for conversion from One Person Company to a Private Limited Company. Our services include:

·         Assistance with director's appointment.

·         Assistance with acquiring the NOC

·         Doing the necessary tasks needed to alter MOA and AOA.

·         Filing the application for conversion.

·         Reviewing the application and making changes if needed

·         Ensuring that your business entity is converted as per your requirement.

Registrationwala.com is a leading legal consultancy firm providing the comprehensive services relating to One Person Company to Private Limited Company.

So, take your first steps towards this conversion and reach out to us.

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